Winter mountaineering is a type of mountaineering that is done during the winter months and involves the ascent of mountains or other natural formations in cold, snowy, and icy conditions. Winter mountaineering typically involves the use of specialized equipment and techniques, such as ice axes, crampons, and rope systems, to navigate and climb over snow and ice-covered terrain.
Ski mountaineering, also known as backcountry skiing or alpine touring, is a form of winter mountaineering that involves the use of skis and specialized bindings to ascend and descend mountainous terrain. Ski mountaineering combines the techniques and equipment of both skiing and mountaineering and allows skiers to access remote and challenging terrain that is not serviced by lifts or other means of transport. Ski mountaineering typically involves a greater degree of wilderness travel and expedition-style objectives than ski resort skiing.
Both winter mountaineering and ski mountaineering can be challenging and physically demanding activities that require a high level of fitness, technical skills, and knowledge of the specific environment and conditions. They can also be risky due to the potential for avalanches, cold injuries, and other hazards. Participants in these activities should be well-prepared and take appropriate safety measures.