A belay is a safety system used in climbing to protect a climber from falling. It involves a belayer, who is responsible for managing the rope and controlling the amount of slack in the rope, and a climber, who is attached to one end of the rope and uses it to ascend the route.
The belayer uses a belay device, which is a mechanical device that is attached to the rope and allows the belayer to hold the rope securely and brake it in the event of a fall. The belayer also uses a locking carabiner, which is a type of metal connector that locks in place to hold the rope securely.
The belayer’s primary responsibility is to hold the rope securely and provide a gentle catch in the event of a fall, using the belay device to brake the rope and arrest the fall. The belayer also communicates with the climber and provides slack in the rope as needed to allow the climber to move upward.
Overall, the belay system is an essential element of climbing, and it provides a high level of safety and security for the climber. It allows climbers to challenge themselves and push their limits, while being protected from falls by the rope and the belayer’s skill and attention.